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Seminário 3 | Ciclo de Seminários Filosofia, Ética e Política​

From: 2018-11-22 To:2018-11-22

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    Modern & Contemporary Philosophy
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    Philosophy & Public Space
  • Ciclo de Seminários 

    Filosofia, Ética e Política​

    2018-2019

    Seminário 3

    Democracia deliberativa: el valor de la Sociedad civil

    Domingo García-Marzá (Universitat Jaume I)

     

    22 de novembro 2018  | 15h30

    Sala do Departamento de Filosofia (Torre B – Piso 1)
    Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto


    Resumen: La presencia e importancia actual de las democracias deliberativas se debe tanto a su potencial teórico como al desgaste de una realidad política alejada cada vez más de lo que pensábamos y esperábamos de la democracia. El resultado es la desafección política, la falta de afecto y credibilidad de nuestros sistemas democráticos y, consiguientemente, la aparición de alternativas que ya no esconden, más bien ostentan, un populismo autoritario basado en una supuesta expertocracia. Las democracias de corte neoliberal poco pueden hacer puesto que, con su reducción de la participación a la elección de líderes al servicio de la desigualdad, han sido el punto de partida de esta deriva autocrática. Sin embargo, y al mismo tiempo, asistimos a un nuevo dinamismo participativo difícil de conceptualizar dentro de los modelos actuales de democracia.

    Esta conferencia pretende esbozar los rasgos básicos de las democracias deliberativas, rastrear su origen en el concepto de política deliberativa de Habermas y proponer algunos cambios y mejoras en su desarrollo. La tesis que se quiere mostrar es que solo recuperando el valor intrínseco de la participación y la posibilidad de alcanzar acuerdos a través del razonamiento y justificación públicos nos permitirá seguir hablando de democracia. Para este fin, es necesario introducir, esta es la tesis, el concepto de una democracia de doble vía, de una nueva distribución de la responsabilidad entre el estado y la sociedad civil. Solo recuperando un concepto radical de sociedad civil, aspecto que las democracias deliberativas actuales no acaban de conseguir, podremos incluir en el sistema democrático este nuevo dinamismo participativo y, como valor central, toda la fuerza y el poder de las instituciones de la sociedad civil.

    Abstract: The presence and current importance of deliberative democracies is due both to their theoretical potential and to the erosion of a political reality that is more and more away than we thought and expected from democracy. The result is political disaffection, the lack of affection and credibility of our democratic systems and, consequently, the emergence of alternatives that no longer hide, rather flaunt, an authoritarian populism based on a supposed expertcracy. Neoliberal democracies can do little because, with their reduction of participation to the election of leaders in the service of inequality, they have been the starting point of this autocratic drift. However, and at the same time, we are witnessing a new participatory dynamism that is difficult to conceptualize within the current models of democracy.

    This conference aims to outline the basic features of deliberative democracies, trace their origin in the concept of deliberative politics of Habermas and propose some changes and improvements in their development. The thesis that we want to show is that only by recovering the intrinsic value of participation and the possibility of reaching agreements through public reasoning and justification will it allow us to continue talking about democracy. To this end, it is necessary to introduce, this is the thesis, the concept of a two-track democracy, of a new distribution of responsibility between the state and civil society. Only by recovering a radical concept of civil society, an aspect that the current deliberative democracies do not quite achieve, we can include in the democratic system this new participatory dynamism and, as a central value, all the strength and power of the institutions of civil society.

     

    Domingo García-Marzá, Chair of Ethics and Politics at Jaume I University in Castellón, Spain. Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Valencia, he has expanded studies of Politics in Frankfurt (Germany) and Economy and Business in St. Gallen (Switzerland) and Notre Dame (United States). He has been Vice Chancellor of Communication, as well as director of the Department of Philosophy and Sociology. He has published his works in prestigious publishers and in national and international journals. His lines of research include: business ethics, applied ethics, deliberative democracy, civil society, as well as ethics and compliance systems. Coordinator of the Interuniversity Master of Ethics and Democracy at Universitat Jaume I, he is director of the interuniversity doctorate of excellence of the same name. The results of these investigations have found application in multiple works carried out for companies and administrations. He is a member of several ethics and social responsibility committees.

     

    Imagem: Fotografia de Isabel Marques

    Ciclo de Seminários Filosofia, Ética e Política 2018-2019http://ifilosofia.up.pt/activities/ciclo-de-seminarios-filosofia-etica-e-politica

    Organização:
    Research Group Philosophy and Public Space
    Instituto de Filosofia da Universidade do Porto - FIL/00502

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