Aristotelica Portugalensia. The Reception of Aristotle in Portugal until the XVIII Century
Group Reference: RG-PHIL-Norte-Porto-502-1693
Time Interval: 2003-2010; 2011-2012
Location of Group (Host Institution): Instituto de Filosofia / Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto
Principal researcher: Prof. Doutor José Meirinhos
This group is based in the Gabinete de Filosofia Medieval (GFM) and its research is connected with the other research groups devoted to medieval philosophy.
Since its earliest translations into Latin in the middle of the XII century, the works of Aristotle were at the origin of a decisive inflection in philosophical and scientific European thought. All through four centuries of either enthusiastic or polemical assimilation, largely achieved through philosophical commentaries, European philosophy was chiefly based on Aristotelianism (or rather, on a huge variety of different sorts of Aristotelianisms). Indeed, Aristotle became the philosopher by antonomasia. Nonetheless, despite the density of that assimilation, his theories gave often rise to further discussions, due either to the identification of methodological limitations in Aristotle’s philosophy or to the detection of problematic points in the solution advanced for certain physical or philosophical problems.
Analysis of the dissemination of Aristotle’s works and its influence in Portugal from the XII century on (inseparable from the history of the Aristotelianism’s reception in the rest of Europe) will provide:
an understanding of the relationship between the production of philosophical texts and its institutional framework, i.e. the university, where transmission and, in many cases, the reification of Aristotelian thought took place;
an understanding of either the dialogue or opposition or dependence of the medieval Aristotelianisms and Peripateticisms in regard to other schools such as Neo-Platonism, Scepticism, Stoicism, etc;
an understanding of the expression and contribution of the different sorts of medieval Aristotelianisms (Thomism, Scotism, Ockhamism, etc.) in the beginning of modernity.
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