Instituto de Filosofia
Research into the dissemination of Aristotle's works and its influence in Portugal is inseparable from the history of the Aristotelianism's reception in the rest of Europe. By that reason the RG will not isolate Portugal from the remainder of the Western reception of Aristotle. Of equal philosophical importance are the Arabic commentaries translated into Latin, the transformation of the Aristotelian corpus in the main textbook of the Medieval University, the condemnations of some parts of Aristotelianism, as well as the history of medieval averroisms.
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Reason, Politics & Society
The group is focused on central areas of Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy: Epistemology, Social and Political Philosophy, and the dissemination of philosophical thought through Literature. It also focuses on the methodology of research, which is a particularly sensitive topic in current Medieval Philosophy studies.
The core team is composed by specialists in Medieval Philosophy, Medieval Literature and Historiography, and Medieval Art.
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Mind, Language & Action
MLAG works within the tradition of analytic philosophy, building on former projects (2003-2017) on e.g. the natures of conciousness and subjectivity, judgement, perception, agency and rationality, and personhood. Our focus on the history of contemporary philosophy helps us extend beyond analytic philosophy strictly considered. Since we started we have counted on 17 FCT Post-doctoral and doctoral fellowships and grants as well as on euro 155.000 in externally funded projects. Members have published articles in international journals such Dialectica, Topoi, Philosophical Studies, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Mind and Language and European Journal of Philosophy, among others, as well as books and book chapters in publishers such as OUP, Routledge, Vrin, MIT Press, De Gruyter and Harvard UP.
In 2013-2017 two funded Projects were especially relevant for developing a realist-disjunctivist perspective on perception and judgement: The Bounds of Judgement and Hallucinations. The first was also instrumental for work on the history of contemporary philosophy (e.g. Kant, Frege and Wittgenstein on judgement), the second for an application to cognitive science. Project Rationalität, Selbsterkenntnis und menschliches Handeln (DAAD) pursued work on action and rationality. Project Estranged from Oneself (start 2017) continues our cognitive science-oriented work.
In 2018-2022 we aim to develop, through a purely philosophical branch (B1) and a branch oriented towards cognitive science (B2), a unified contextualist approach to the metaphysics of representation and agency. Contextualism in the philosophy of language usually concerns mostly the implications of pragmatic phenomena in language for a view of semantics and truth. In B1 we intend to go beyond technical treatments of pragmatic phenomena in language and focus on how the objectivity of thought withstands occasion-sensitivity phenomena. B2 tries to make explicit the connections between B1 and embodied cognition / enactivism
Roots & Horizons
Em diálogo com alguns autores da tradição filosófica e cultural portuguesa procuraremos antecipar alguns possíveis horizontes do futuro colectivo, verificando em que medida a nossa tradição filosófica e cultural pode propiciar novos paradigmas de pensamento e de existência, contrastantes com o paradigma da civilização tecnológica. A investigação fomentará o diálogo com outras tradições filosóficas e culturais, num esforço de internacionalização, não apenas limitado ao espaço lusófono.
Philosophy & Public Space
Main goal: to spatially reposition Philosophy; identifying and critically examining 3 topics, which comprise 3 specific goals, with which Philosophy and Education are confronted today: a) the problematic character of the relations between society, politics and technology; b) the complex reconfiguration of the common; c) the set of problems posed by the urban condition and plural societies